History

Ship money | English history

Ship money, in British history, a nonparliamentary tax first levied in medieval times by the English crown on coastal cities and counties for naval defense in time of war. It required those being taxed to furnish a certain number of warships or to pay the ships’ equivalent in money. Its revival and its enforcement as a general tax by Charles I aroused widespread opposition and added to the discontent leading to the English Civil Wars.

After bitter constitutional disputes, Charles dismissed Parliament in 1629 and began 11 years of personal rule; during this time, deprived of parliamentary sources of revenue, he was forced to employ ship money as a financial expedient. The first of six annual writs appeared in October 1634 and differed from traditional levies in that it was based on the possibility of war rather than immediate national emergency. The writ of the following year increased the

Read More

History of Money from Ancient Times to the Present Day

History of Money from Ancient Times to the Present Day




from Ancient Times to the Present Day





Monetary history in context from the dawn of civilization to the
beginning of the twenty first century, based on the definitive book on the
subject.


 

This site contains a chronology, by
Glyn and Roy Davies and a collection of essays written by
Roy Davies on various themes using information based on the book.




Cover of the book on monetary history by Glyn Davies.  
Davies, Glyn. A History of money from ancient times to the present day, 4th. ed. revised by Duncan Connors, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2016. 808p.
EAN/ISBN 9781783163090 (paperback). new!

Published in co-operation with the Julian
Hodge Bank Ltd
.


Orders can be placed online with various
suppliers. There are quotations from reviews on the University of

Read More

Personal Computer History: 1975-1984 | Low End Mac

Personal computer history doesn’t begin with IBM or Microsoft, although Microsoft was an early participant in the fledgling PC industry.

Altair 8800The first personal computers, introduced in 1975, came as kits: The MITS Altair 8800, followed by the IMSAI 8080, an Altair clone. (Yes, cloning has been around that long!) Both used the Intel 8080 CPU. That was also the year Zilog created the Z-80 processor and MOS Technology produced the 6502. Bill Gates and Paul Allen wrote a BASIC compiler for the Altair and formed Micro-soft.

In 1976, Apple’s two Steves (Jobs and Wozniak) designed the Apple I, Apple’s only “kit” computer (you had to add a keyboard, power supply, and enclosure to the assembled motherboard), around the 6502 processor. That was also the year that Electric Pencil, the first word processing program, and Adventure, the first text adventure for microcomputers, were released. Shugart introduced the 5.25″ floppy

Read More

THE HISTORY OF MONEY Rothschild Banking

XAT3
THE HISTORY OF MONEY PART 1

Let’s Go FORWARD


Tell someone you are going to a convention of accountants and you might get a few yawns, yet money and how it works is probably one of the most interesting things on earth.

It is fascinating and almost magical how money appeared on our planet. Unlike most developments we enjoy, which can be traced back to a source, civilisation or inventor, money appeared in places then unconnected all over the world in a remarkably simular way.

Consider the American Indians using Wampum, West Africans trading in decorative metallic objects called Manillas and the Fijians economy based on whales teeth, some of which are still legal tender; add to that shells, amber, ivory, decorative feathers, cattle including oxen & pigs, a large number of stones including jade and quartz which have all been used for trade across the world, and

Read More

Personal Historian – Personal and Family History Writing Software



Personal & Family History Writing Software

Personal Historian
Platform:
Windows
Windows 10 / 8 / 7 / Vista / XP / 2000

Mac OS X
MacOS Mountain Lion (10.8) through Mojave (10.14) Catalina (10.15) not yet supported


Only $29.95Upgrade for $19.95


Personal Historian is unique software that helps you write the story of your life
and of other individuals. Overwhelmed with the thought of writing a personal history?
It breaks this seemingly monumental task into small, manageable pieces and then
reconstructs it into a complete, publishable document.



You
sit down at your computer and open your word processor. A large, blank page glares
at you– daring you to blacken it with your keystrokes. Assessing the challenge,
you enthusiastically begin typing. A single word, “Birth”, appears on the screen.
“So far, so good,” you think to yourself. With a little less certainty, your fingers
manage to 

Read More

The Personal History of David Copperfield (2019)



Nominated for
1
BAFTA Film Award.



Another
7 wins & 7 nominations.


See more awards »


Learn more

More Like This 

Comedy
|
Drama

 
 

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

5.9/10
X
 

Satire about the world of the super-rich.

Director:
Michael Winterbottom


Stars:
Steve Coogan,
Isla Fisher,
Shirley Henderson

Action
|
Drama
|
Mystery

 
 

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

5.3/10
X
 

A woman seeks revenge against those who orchestrated a plane crash that killed her family.

Director:
Reed Morano


Stars:
Blake Lively,
Richard Brake,
Elly Curtis

Crime
|
Drama
|
Romance

 
 

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

7/10
X
 

A couple’s first date takes an unexpected turn when a police officer pulls them over.

Director:
Melina Matsoukas


Stars:
Daniel Kaluuya,
Jodie Turner-Smith,
Bokeem Woodbine


Stars:
Sabina Akhmedova,
Yuliya Khlynina,
Pavel Tabakov

Read More

The History of Money: From Barter to Banknotes

Money, in and of itself, is nothing. It can be a shell, a metal coin, or a piece of paper with a historic image on it, but the value that people place on it has nothing to do with the physical value of the money. Money derives its value by being a medium of exchange, a unit of measurement and a storehouse for wealth. Money allows people to trade goods and services indirectly, understand the price of goods (prices written in dollar and cents correspond with an amount in your wallet), and gives us a way to save for larger purchases in the future.

Money is valuable merely because everyone knows everyone else will accept it as a form of payment—so let’s take a look at where it has been, how it evolved and how it is used today.

Understanding the History of Money

A World Without Money

Money, in

Read More