Zimbabwe’s finance minister, Mthuli Ncube, has issued an
impassioned plea to international finance institutions, laying bare the country’s
battered economy and saying it faces “catastrophe” if it does not
access critical bailout funding to fight the combined impact of crippling
drought and the coronavirus pandemic.
In a leaked letter, the authenticity of which has been
confirmed by a senior government official, Ncube wrote to the International
Monetary Fund, the World Bank and other international institutions, saying the
country faced record poverty levels.
Ncube said without a transformative arrears clearance and
re-engagement plan, Zimbabwe could “suffer a health and economic
catastrophe” and the economy could contract by as much as 20%.
“This is a massive contraction with very serious social
consequences,” that could “raise poverty to levels not seen in recent
times,” reads part of the letter.
Zimbabwe, which cleared its debts with the IMF, still owes
other international lenders more than US$9 billion, and has, since 2009,
struggled to restructure these debts.
No support forthcoming
The debt arrears have contributed to Zimbabwe being unable
to access any global funding to combat the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.
At this year’s spring meetings, IMF Director: African
Department, Abebe Aemro Selassie, told a press conference that Zimbabwe was not
eligible for international support.
“Unfortunately, Zimbabwe continues to have arrears to
the World Bank and AfDB which is a constraint on our ability to lend to the
country,” Selassie said.
Not enough money locally
In his letter, however, Ncube said domestic resources to
mitigate the impact of the pandemic were insufficient.
This is at a time the Covid-19 pandemic is expected to have
a devastating health, humanitarian and economic impact on Zimbabwe, he added.
Ncube said there was simply no fiscal space to intervene, meaning
there could be a drastic increase in already-unmanageable inflation rates, and the
exchange rate could be destabilised.
Promise of reforms
In an unexpected move, he acknowledged that there are necessary
reforms President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s government must undertake, including contentious political reforms.
In return, Ncube is hoping for a debt rescheduling of 15
years, or cancellation of all official bilateral arrears.
The eventual normalisation of financial relationships will
make Zimbabwe eligible for various support facilities available to fragile